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Finishing, Stain Systems
Examples of the different types of stain systems
Difference Between a Dye Stain and a Wiping Stain
Too Much Dye
Figure D shows the difference the speed of your solvent has on a dye stain. When comparing the top section in which the dye was reduced with a fast lacquer thinner versus the bottom section which was reduced with acetone you can see that the dye pulled away from the harder latewood. The dye mixed with acetone does not show variations due to the density of the wood.
Figure E. When you spray dye on bare wood, you do not see the real color of a dyed wood until you apply a seal coat of finish over it. When developing colors using dye stains, try applying the dye with increasing intensity across a sample board and then seal only half of the sample. This way you see what the different intensities look like before and after a seal coat is applied.
1 min vs 5 min wipe
Spray Only Stain applied at 3 different intensities
Wiping stain over a washcoat vs no washcoat
Water based wiping stain on Maple sanded with 150 grit and another sanded 150 & 220 grit
Water Base Wiping Stain
Same formula mixed in a solvent-based wiping stain base and a water-based wiping stain base. Both sides coated in precat lacquer.
Mixing Water and Solvent Base
Solvent based and water based dye stains. One half of each is topcoated with a solvent base top coat and a waterborne top coat
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